The concept of empathy reflects the social nature of emotion, as it links the feelings of two or more people Levenson and Ruef Since human life is relationship-based, one vitally important function of empathy over the life span is to strengthen social bonds Anderson and Keltner Research has shown a correlation between empathy and prosocial behavior Eisenberg In particular, prosocial behaviors, such as helping, sharing, and comforting or showing concern for others, illustrate the development of empathy Zahn-Waxler and others and how the experience of empathy is thought to be related to the development of moral behavior Eisenberg For example, those behaviors are modeled through caring interactions with others or through providing nurturance to the infant.
The relationships among teachers, between children and teachers, and among children are fostered with warm and caring interactions. The developing ability to regulate emotions has received increasing attention in the research literature Eisenberg, Champion, and Ma Researchers have generated various definitions of emotion regulation, and debate continues as to the most useful and appropriate way to define this concept Eisenberg and Spinrad As a construct, emotion regulation reflects the interrelationship of emotions, cognitions, and behaviors Bell and Wolfe Emotion regulation is influenced by culture and the historical era in which a person lives: cultural variability in regulation processes is significant Mesquita and Frijda Adults can provide positive role models of emotion regulation through their behavior and through the verbal and emotional support they offer children in managing their emotions.
Emotion regulation skills are important in part because they play a role in how well children are liked by peers and teachers and how socially competent they are perceived to be National Scientific Council on the Developing Child At kindergarten entry, children demonstrate broad variability in their ability to self-regulate National Research Council and Institute of Medicine As infants grow, they become increasingly able to exercise voluntary control over behavior such as waiting for needs to be met, inhibiting potentially hurtful behavior, and acting according to social expectations, including safety rules.
Group care settings provide many opportunities for children to practice their impulse-control skills. Peer interactions often offer natural opportunities for young children to practice impulse control, as they make progress in learning about cooperative play and sharing.
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Grief as a Social Emotion: Theoretical Perspectives: Death Studies: Vol 36, No 8
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Goldenberg; and A. Lagattuta, K. Tracy, R. Robins, and J. Lally, J. Lamb, M. Bornstein; and D. Development in Infancy: An Introduction Fourth edition. Lerner, C. Levenson, R. Levine, L. Lewis, M.
Social Cognition and the Acquisition of Self. New York: Plenum Press. Marvin, R. Cassidy and P. McCarty, M. Clifton; and R. Meisels, S. New York: Pearson Early Learning. Melson, G. Messinger, D. Edited by R. Burlington, MA: Elsevier. Mesquita, B.
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